Real Estate Terms Every Agent Needs to Know

Blog January 26, 2024
When it comes to the competitive real estate industry, effective communication is essential for seamless transactions. One of the crucial skills for a real estate professional is familiarity with professional terms and industry jargon. Whether you are a seasoned professional or starting your career in the real estate sector, familiarity with the relevant real estate […]
Real Estate Terms Every Agent Needs to Know

When it comes to the competitive real estate industry, effective communication is essential for seamless transactions. One of the crucial skills for a real estate professional is familiarity with professional terms and industry jargon.

Whether you are a seasoned professional or starting your career in the real estate sector, familiarity with the relevant real estate terms can help you communicate effectively with your peers and clients.

Ambiguity in communication can lead to confusion, compromising your position as an industry expert.

If you communicate with the client using the industry terms, it leaves the impression that you know your stuff, making the industry jargon a needed skill to succeed as a real estate professional.

Industry terms can help you with negotiations, contracts, and property transaction details. It’s about ensuring everyone involved, from buyers and sellers to lenders and inspectors, is on the same page.

In this blog, we will explore the real estate terms every agent needs to know to become proficient in learning the trade language. So, let’s start learning the language of real estate!

List of Important Real Estate Terms Agents Need to Know

Understanding the language of real estate is essential for agents. Here’s a list of essential terms that will empower agents to understand the terms related to property transactions.

General Real Estate Terms

general real estate terms

Here are fundamental general real estate terms every agent should be well-versed in:

  • Addendum: An additional document outlining extra terms or conditions is added to the contract.
  • Realtor: A real estate professional member of the National Association of Realtors (NAR), committing to a high ethical standard.
  • Broker: A licensed individual or firm authorized to assist, conduct, and negotiate real estate transactions.
  • Real Estate Agent: A licensed professional authorized to represent buyers or sellers in real estate transactions.
  • As-Is: A property is sold without repairs or improvements, and the buyer accepts it in its current condition.
  • Closing: The final step in a real estate transaction is transferring ownership and signing all necessary documents.
  • Contingency: A condition in a contract that must be met for the sale to proceed; if not, the contract becomes void.
  • Deed: A legal document that conveys the title of a property.
  • Days on the Market (DOM): The number of days a property has been listed for sale.
  • Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure: A voluntary transfer of property ownership to the lender to avoid foreclosure.
  • Default: Failure to fulfill an obligation, often non-payment on a mortgage.
  • Delinquency: Failure to make timely payments, typically on a mortgage.
  • Home Inspection: A thorough examination of a property’s condition, often conducted before a sale.
  • Homeowner’s Association (HOA): An organization that manages and enforces rules for a community or condominium.
  • Multiple Listing Service (MLS): A database that enables real estate agents to share information about properties they have listed.

Understanding these terms lays a solid foundation for effective communication and successful real estate transactions.

Listing Real Estate Terms

listing real estate terms

For real estate agents, mastering listing terms is crucial. Here’s an in-depth look at critical terms that are integral to the listing process:

  • Appraisal: An expert’s assessment of a property’s value, often conducted for mortgage approval.
  • Active Under Contract: A property still listed but has a contract in place, pending certain conditions.
  • Assessed Value: The value assigned to a property for tax purposes by a municipality.
  • Chain of Title: The historical record of a property’s ownership.
  • Assignment: Transferring one’s rights or interests in a property to another.
  • Clear Title: Ownership of a property without any legal issues or claims.
  • Exclusive Listing: An agreement where only one agent can sell a property within a specified period.
  • Comparable Sales: Recent sales of similar properties used to determine a property’s market value.
  • Foreclosure: The legal process where a lender repossesses a property due to non-payment.
  • For Rent by Owner (FRBO): A property being rented directly by its owner.
  • For Sale by Owner (FSBO): A property sold directly by its owner without a real estate agent.
  • Land Lease: A lease where the tenant only owns the building, not the land.
  • Lease Option: A lease that includes the option for the tenant to purchase the property.
  • Judicial Foreclosure: Foreclosure conducted through the court system.
  • Probate Sale: The sale of property from the estate of a deceased person.
  • Real Estate Owned (REO): A property a lender owns after an unsuccessful foreclosure auction.
  • Seller Disclosure: A document where the seller reveals any known issues with the property.

These listing terms are fundamental for agents to effectively communicate with clients, negotiate deals, and navigate the intricacies of property transactions.

Financial Real Estate Terms

Understanding the financial side of real estate is crucial for professionals. Here’s an explanation of key terms:

  • Equity: The ownership interest in a property, representing the homeowner’s financial stake after deducting any liens.
  • Amortization: The gradual repayment of a mortgage through scheduled, periodic payments.
  • Adjustable-Rate Mortgage (ARM): A mortgage with an interest rate that may change periodically based on changes in a corresponding financial index.
  • Annual Percentage Rate (APR): The total cost of borrowing, expressed as a yearly interest rate, including fees and other costs associated with the loan.
  • Appreciation: The increase in the value of a property over time.
  • Assumable Mortgage: A mortgage that can be transferred from the seller to the buyer.
  • Balloon Mortgage: A short-term mortgage with small monthly payments and a large lump sum due at the end of the term.
  • Bi-weekly Mortgage: A mortgage with payments due every two weeks, resulting in 26 payments a year.
  • Fixed-Rate Mortgage: A mortgage with an interest rate that remains constant throughout the loan term.
  • Buydown: A payment made to the lender from the seller, buyer, or third party to reduce the interest rate during the early years of a mortgage.
  • Bridge Loan: A short-term loan to meet financial obligations before securing permanent financing.
  • Jumbo Loan: A mortgage that exceeds the conforming loan limits set by the Federal Housing Finance Agency.
  • Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Loan: A government-backed loan with a lower credit score and down payment requirements.
  • Cash-Out Refinance: Refinancing a mortgage for more than the current outstanding balance and using the difference for various purposes.
  • Co-Borrower: An additional person listed on the loan application who shares the responsibility of repaying the loan.
  • Debt-to-Income (DTI): The borrower’s monthly debt payments ratio to their gross monthly income.
  • Cost of Funds Index (COFI): An index that measures the weighted average interest rate paid by financial institutions for their funding.
  • Fair Market Value (FMV): The price a property would sell in a competitive market.
  • Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC): A revolving line of credit secured by the equity in a home.
  • Lien: A legal right or interest that a lender has in the borrower’s property, granted until the debt obligation is satisfied.

Other Real Estate Terms to Know

other real estate terms to know

Understanding additional crucial real estate terms is essential for comprehensive knowledge. Let’s dive into these terms:

  • Commission: A fee paid to a real estate agent or broker for their services in buying or selling a property.
  • Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA): A federal law that prohibits credit discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age, or because a person receives public assistance.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA): A federal law regulating consumer credit information collection, dissemination, and use.
  • Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): A federal law that ensures consumers receive disclosures regarding the nature and costs of the real estate settlement process.
  • Right of Egress: The legal right to exit or leave a property, typically referring to the right to access a public road from one’s property.

Understanding these terms is vital for navigating the complex landscape of real estate transactions and regulations.

Whether you’re a seasoned professional or a newcomer to the real estate industry, a grasp of these terms contributes to making informed decisions and fostering transparent, compliant, and fair practices.


Mastering key terms is essential for success in real estate, as it is the basis of effective communication between agents, clients, and stakeholders. This is why you must explore real estate terms every agent needs to know.

Whether you are involved in an as-is transaction or explaining the Equal Credit Opportunity Act – real estate terms can help you explain your points better and establish trust with the client.

From the title change to closing procedures, it is essential to be clear about the terminologies. Hence, you and other involved parties are on the same page.

Understanding the importance of continuous learning, ThinkProp’s real estate training programs offer professional growth pathways.

Whether you’re a novice agent establishing a solid foundation or a seasoned professional committed to continuous improvement, our programs provide insights, strategies, and hands-on knowledge tailored for success in the real estate industry.

Continuous education is the key to staying ahead in the ever-evolving real estate landscape. Explore our training programs today to invest in your professional development and gain the knowledge and skills necessary for a thriving career in real estate!

Courses for you



  • time 6 Hours
  • person Digital course
  • languageEnglish, Arabic
Georges Georges Maurice
AED 1,000

(Incl. VAT)


Renewal course

  • time 6 Hours
  • person Face to Face,Online
  • languageEnglish, Arabic
Georges Georges Maurice
AED 1,200

(Incl. VAT)


Real Estate Brokers Certified Course

  • time 8 Hours
  • person Digital course
  • languageEnglish
Fawaz  Fawaz Alsharikh
AED 2,750

(Incl. VAT)

Real Estate marketing

Real Estate Brokers Certified Course

  • time 8 Hours
  • person Digital course
  • languageEnglish
Fawaz  Fawaz Alsharikh
AED 2,750

(Incl. VAT)

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